Sun-cured red(晒红) black tea is Yunnan traditional black tea. Sun-cured red(晒红) black tea is an evolution of Yunnan traditional tea making technology, it has a great difference with the 1930s introduction of modern production process, It is a kind of tea between Pu'er tea and black tea, because it is closer to black tea process, and was classified as black tea.
Sun-cured red(晒红) black tea process is withering, rolling, fermentation, dried in the sun, while the Dianhong process is withering, rolling, fermentation, drying beside the fire. As the name suggests, sun-cured red(晒红) black tea can be understood as a kind of dried in the sun black tea, it is very different with Dianhong the final process of drying beside the fire, and it broke the black tea 24 months shelf life, it is a kind of black tea that can be stored for a long time, within a certain period of the more aged more aroma.
Sun-cured red(晒红) black tea is Yunnan traditional black tea, at least one hundred years of history, it is process fusion of sun green and white tea process, after the introduction of modern black tea in Yunnan, learn some technical characteristics of dianhong black tea, after the revival of Pu'er tea, and learn the late aging technology, thus forming the characteristics of today's sun-cured red(晒红) black tea process.
The characteristics of sun-cured red(晒红) black tea
1. Simple original production method, easy to teach and learn, facilitate large-scale promotion.
2. Applicable to a wide range of raw materials, the traditional picking method and modern standard tea garden grade materials are applicable.
3. Fuel saving, Protect raw material, Change to drying beside the fire for dried in the sun, Not to cut the trees.
4. Compared with the traditional Pu er tea, bitter and astringent not show, the market is more receptive.
5. It can be stored for a long time.
It can help to ease the shortage of rural labor, protection and restoration of ecological environment. It is not very choice of raw materials, extensive tea garden fresh leaves can be used for processing, it can reduce the pressure of Pu'er the sun dried maocha.
Comparative advantage and market prospect of sun-cured red(晒红) black tea
Compared with Yunnan tea most mainstream Pu'er Tea and diangong black tea and Green Tea, sun-cured red(晒红) black tea comparative advantage:
The traditional Pu'er Tea (raw tea), in addition to some high-end raw materials, new tea palatability is not good, it is good to put a few years to drink. However sun-cured red(晒红) black tea is very good to drink after a few months, its taste is bettrt after store a few years. Pu'er raw tea is very critical for raw materials endosarc, the taste value is not high to product tea by general materials, It is often used ancient tree tea raw mateiral to do. However, the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea can not only use ancient tree tea raw mateiral to the development of high-end market, and it can also use common raw materials to develop the mass consumer market.
Compared with diangong black tea, the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea have characteristics of more aged more aroma, taste have also features and flavor, it may take the difference development route. Green Tea (Yunnan green) main raw materials from the modern high yield planting tea garden, Its close attention to fresh degree, the main bud head, a bud one leaf, a bud two leaves. the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea main raw materials from wasteland tea and tableland tea garden after the ecological stay raised, it was producted use fresh leaves with high maturity, it is suitable for extensive type of raw materials.
The sun-cured red(晒红) black tea biggest feature is bitter and astringent not show. the public is easy to accept.
The significance of making public tea with sun-cured red(晒红) black tea: Current market downturn, many consumers across the country do not understand the puer tea drink, they started to drink Pu'er Tea is also very difficult to accept the bitter high degree of Pu'er tea, however the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea through the unique process of reducing bitterness, with sweet and slippery taste characteristics, It is easy to be accepted by consumers, so become develop new consumer groups and emerging consumer market tools.
The current high price of Pu'er tea, the new tea drinking value is not high, unless the use good raw materials, or after put a few years reduce the bitter, its taste is good, the price and taste acceptance issue has seriously hindered that Pu'er tea open up public market. However the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea can make up for this shortcoming.
Yunnan tea leaves make Pu'er raw tea, to one hundred years old as ancient tree tea, but Yunnan has a larger area tea during the Republic of China and before liberation, they adopt the traditional way of farming, good quality, the market does not think it is ancient tree, this part of the material can play its advantages, it can be producted sun-cured red(晒红) black tea, the tea made have good quality, marketing have good sales, they can continue the traditional farming method, they don’t need stuntedness tea tree for these decades and transformation into a modern high yield tea garden.
Drink value of sun-cured red(晒红) black tea
The sun-cured red(晒红) black tea have low bitter, sweet and slippery characteristics. Heavy brewing, back sweet strong; light brewing sweet and smooth. The sun-cured red(晒红) black tea of stored for many years, red soup red leaf, fragrant aroma of herbs significantly, natural is mild, diuresis and warm stomach effect is good.
The sun-cured red(晒红) black tea was just done, there is unripe and puckery flavor, delicate fragrance, the tea soup orange yellow, sweet and smooth. After a few months, unripe and puckery flavor elimination, more tea aroma, soup color deepening. Put about three years or so, theaflavin and thearubigin conversion rate higher than Pu'er raw tea, it can achieve very good effect of drinking.
Before the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea storage extensive, loose tea in the majority, the conversion alcoholize rate is much higher than the Pu'er Tea. After study the tight pressing process of Pu'er tea, it was pressed into cakes tea, tuo tea or brick tea, the storage requirements similar to Pu'er tea, it is conducive to long-term storage. It gets better effect under certain conditions.
The sun-cured red(晒红) black tea raw material requirements:
1. The tableland tea
The intension material accumulation is not enough, the taste is not full, stored for a period of time to drink, the tableland tea brewing times is shortage than wasteland tea and antient tree tea, not resistant to brew; The aroma superficial thin, bitterness does not transform, more obvious astringent. We do not advocate using the tableland tea to do the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea. It is more suitable for standard green tea.
The tableland tea garden can be kept by ecology and arbor type, adopt the traditional planting and pick mode, the tableland tea will upgrade to sun-cured red(晒红) black tea main raw material base.
2. The Wasteland tea
The traditional picking planting way, most belong to the high mountain tea, tea tree have long dormant period, good growth environment, the intension accumulation abundant, the product is fragrant, sweet, slippery, resistance to brew, resistance to storage. Abundant changes after storage, effect of product drink is better. In order to play the comparative advantage of the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea. The Wasteland tea can be used as the main raw material of the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea.
3. Ancient tree tea
Ancient tree tea raw materials are also suitable for the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea, but the price is too high, and the ancient tree tea was used to do puer tea a long time, so form their own characteristics -- Mountain head rhyme. No need to fight famous mountain tea market with Pu'er Tea. But when ancient tree tea the fame is not big and price is not high, it will be the top source of raw materials for the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea.
The ancient tea trees often adopt the traditional pattern of old trees mining, its fresh leaves often with many old leaves, hard stems, horseshoe, poor appearance, it is not high yield for Pu'er tea(because of the need to pick out Huangpian, filipes etc.), however the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea don't request it, on the contrary, because of the traditional mode of picking up, the maturity of the old tree fresh leaves is high, it has rich connotation substance, tea soup full after storage, high sweetness.Production main points of the sun-cured red(晒红) black tea
1. Standard for picking fresh leaves
Fresh leaves must have a certain degree of maturity, main fresh leaves is one bud and two leaves, it is not a high-grade bud or a bud a leaf, tea plantation suitable for extensive management of tea farmers.
2. Natural withering
The sun-cured red(晒红) black tea withering degree far beyond Green Tea, Pu'er Tea, because the climate is different, withering technology details is different, it is good when remove grass gas, show flower aroma, fresh leaf soft as soap, when the leaves become yellow, become red, withering, process is completed.
The sun-cured red(晒红) black tea lay particular stress on aerobic fermentation. Some scholars even think that it is the oxidation, light fermentation, while the other Black Tea (diangong, mainland Black Tea) using pile fermentation anaerobic fermentation. Tea of anaerobic fermentation, withered leaves, stiff, dead, pile flavor, excessive loss of activity of various substances, lack of storage change space later stage, not suitable for long-term storage.