2016年9月8日星期四

"Gong fu" black tea, How many type you drink?

     
      The late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, China invent method for producting black tea. Gong fu black tea, due to the fine work, named"Gong fu".
      Gong fu black tea according to the varieties of tea tree can be divided into: Big leaf Gong fu(also called red leaf Gong fu), little leaf Gong fu(also called dark leaf Gong fu). The history have the Nanling Mountains north-south line for the community in Southern China Gong fu and North China Gong fu.
      Gong fu black tea products include genuine tea、deputy tea、the foot of tea.
      After the founding, production of classify grade black tea, broken black tea, in order to adapt to the international tea market and the development of new products.
      Gong fu black tea appearance trabs tight solid,equatorial symmetry, color spurt black water flat, the soup color and bottom leaves is bright red, aroma enough, taste sweet alcohol. Because of different origin, different varieties of tea tree, the quality of the formation of different characteristics, Unique flavor "place named Gong fu tea".
      The following is a brief introduction of several representative Gong fu black tea:
      1. keemun gong fu black tea

      keemun gong fu black tea, it is a treasure of Chinese traditional Gong fu black tea, have more than one hundred years of production history. keemun gong fu black tea main place Qimen County, Anhui Province. keemun gong fu black tea is famous due to appearance seedling show, color "Stelux" and rich aroma.
      keemun gong fu black tea trabs tight solid, color spurt black water flat, commonly known as "Stelux", rich aroma and high quality, sweet as honey, and contain the orchid fragrance, red soup, mellow taste, pleasant aftertaste, soft red light at the bottom of the leaf.
      Keemun Black Tea superior quality, known as "the most beautiful flowers", this is not open to the natural ecological environment in Qimen region. fertile land, higher humus content, large temperature difference between morning and evening, there is often fog, and sunshine time is shorter, form A tea growing natural state, a special delicious aromatic "Keemun black tea".
      2. Dianhong Gong fu tea

      Dianhong Gong fu tea belong to big leaf type gong fu tea, production in Lincang, Baoshan Yunnan, is the gong fu of the bright younger generation Black Tea. Due to appearance trabs tight solid, gold pekoe exposure and heavy fragrance develop a school of one's own.
      Due to Dianhong black tea have different pick period, its quality has seasonal variation, in general, spring is good than summer and autumn tea. Spring tea trabs big and fleshy, body bone shigemi, claritygood, tender leaf. Summer tea coincided with the rainy season, rapid growth of bud and leaf, internode length, although buds pekoe are exposed, But the clear degree is low, slightly hard, mixed at the bottom of the leaf. Autumn tea is located in the cool season,the tea tree growth and metabolism become weak, tea body bone light, the clear degree is low, fresh degree is slow than spring tea and summer tea.
      Dianhong endoplasmic fragrance Sauvignon. The aroma in West Yunnan tea district Yunxian, Fengqing, Changning as well, especially produced parts of Yunxian Gong fu black tea, aroma high length, and with the fragrance of flowers. Yunnan tea area tea taste strong, stronger stimulation, the tea area tea taste mellow, weak stimulation, but fresh and cool.
      3. Fujian Gong fu black tea

      Fujian Gong fu black tea series Zhenghe Gong fu, Tan Yang Gong fu and Bai Lin Gong fu together, are the Department of Fujian specialty. Three kinds of Gong fu tea origin, variety, quality and style is different, but each has its own consumer enthusiasts, Sheng Xing for a hundred years and not bad.
      4. Sichuan Gong fu black tea

      Sichuan Gong fu black tea produced in Sichuan Province, Yibin, it is the Gong fu black tea of the 50s. Sichuan Gong fu black tea appearance trabs fat round tight, show gold pekoe, color black oil, aroma with obvious caramel is its quality characteristics, taste strong fresh Shuang, soup color bright, leaf bottom soft bright red uniform.
      5. Yichang Gong fu black tea

      Yichang Gong fu black tea producted in western Hubei Yichang, Enshi two area. Xiangxi Shimen, Sangzhi, Cili, Xiangxi and other counties are also part of the production.
      Yichang Gong fu black tea appearance trabs tight solid have gold pekoe, color spurt black water flat, sweet and pure and long, mellow taste fresh, soup colour red bright, securinega soft light. The tea soup is slightly cold "muddy after cold" phenomenon, one of the Gong fu black tea that is the quality of our country's business.
       6. Hunan Gong fu black tea

       Hunan Gong fu black tea, because Anhua is one of the earliest counties of Hunan and Black Tea system, the amount of black tea produced locally is good, have won fame both at home and abroad,enjoy the glorious title of "Hu black". Xiangxi, Shimen, Cili, Sangzhi, and other cities and counties Dayong produced tea called "red Hunan", as "efforts should be red.".
       Hu Gong fu black tea to Anhua time as a representative, is fat shape cord tight knot, high aroma, mellow taste, the soup color thick, slightly dark red leaves. Pingjiang Gong fu incense high, but even less. Long street and Liuyang Dawei Mountain area produced high Xiang Weihou (near Jiangxi Xiushui, in Xinhua, Taoyuan Ninghong time), Gong fu to shape cord tight, no more, Feng Miao is good, but the mesophyll is thin, aroma is low, Lianyuan Gong fu new development tea cord tight, fragrance is light.