2016年9月18日星期日

What is Old Tea Tree?


      The old tea tree is wild ancient tea tree and its community distributed in natural forest, semi domesticated artificially cultivated wild tea tree and artificial cultivation of the ancient tea garden more than a hundred years.

    Old tea garden classification

    Classification by environment

      1.Original old tea garden
      Wild tea forest in the original forest, general diameter of a cross-section of a tree is 50cm, chest measurement is 160cm, tree height 15m, thousands of years of age. Tea tree spacing is about 20~50m, about 20~30 plant per mu, 10~20kg per mu, extremely rare. There are many species in the rainforest, ecological primitive.
      2. return to the wild state old tea garden(野化古茶园)
      Blank place and rain forest edge in the original forest, Ancient people planting, but was abandoned for hundreds of years, unattended, gradually formed the trend of the wild, diameter of a cross-section of a tree is 30-50cm, chest measurement is 100-160cm, tree height about 10m, age 500~1000 years. Tea tree spacing is about 8~15m, about 50~90 plant per mu, 30~50kg per mu, extremely rare, less manual intervention, wild ecological environment.
      3. Original ecological old tea garden
      The ancients people plant around the mountain village,surface plants were not removed, most tea tree diameter of a cross-section is 10-35cm, chest measurement is 35-110cm, tree height 3-6m, in three hundred or four hundred years old. Tea tree spacing is about 3~5m, About 120~220 plant per mu, about 50~80kg per mu, extremely rare, less manual intervention, only for proper harvesting and pruning, no fertilization, do not play pesticides, no weeding, no turn up the soil. Fern type, Lichens, a variety of tropical rain forest herb symbiosis, ecological and environmental advantages.
      4. Ecological old tea garden
      The ancients people plant  in the villages around the mountains, vegetation has been removed, most tea tree diameter of a cross-section is 10-25cm, chest measurement is 35-80cm, tree height 2.5-4.5m, in one hundred or two hundred years old. Tea tree spacing is about 1.5-3.5m,  about 190-400 plant per mu, about 60-90kg per mu, extremely rare.Certain artificial intervention, pick, trim, application of farm manure, plowing, weeding. A large number of surface plants were removed, the ecological environment is good.
     

Old tea tree classification

    Classification by aged

      1. Millennium wild old tea tree
      Wild ancient tea tree in the original rain forest, general diameter of a cross-section of a tree is 50cm, chest measurement is 160cm, tree height 15m, thousands of years of age. Large leaves, sturdy, the leaf veins bulging, leaf margin saw tooth depth, between the leaf veins 9~16 couple, plant and modern tea big leaf type leaf veins (6-9 couple) completely different. High tendernessende, one bud and two leaves, general weight is 0.5-1g, it is generally three times the weight of old trees tea. The sun green tea, soup color green yellow, refreshing aroma, a unique smell of wild tea, the aroma of cultivated tea tree is very different, water soluble pectin rich, almost no bitter taste, a mouthful of sweet embellish, sweet extremely long lasting. Due to the scarcity of production, the price is very expensive.
      2. Wild big tea tree
      Yunnan tea area of minority farmers, tree height above 5m, it is difficult to pick the cultivated type of ancient tea tree called big tea tree, big tea tree are generally the oldest age of tea trees or is the largest tea king. Normally, big tea tree diameter of a cross-section of a tree is 30-50cm, chest measurement is 100-160cm, tree height about 5-15cm, in five hundred or one thousand years old. Sun green maocha was made use big tea tree called big tree tea. In terms of product drinking experience, the tea tree age more bigger, the better the ecological environment, the more harmonious taste, water soluble pectin, the higher the resin content, the taste is moist.
      3. Original ecological old tea tree
      Mostly diameter of a cross-section of a tree is 10-35cm, chest measurement is 35-110cm, tree height 3-6m, in three hundred or four hundred years old. Because the surface plants have not been removed, so the tea garden has a good ecological environment, despite the great age, but there are no signs of aging. The sun green maocha, bud and leaf, between the leaf veins 9~16 couple, fruit rich in pectin, taste sweet, slightly bitter and astringent, bBitter taste in the mouth of a very short stay, about a few seconds. Then back to Gan strong.
      4. Ecological ancient tea tree
      Mostly diameter of a cross-section of a tree is 10-25cm, chest measurement is 35-80cm, tree height 2.5-4.5m, in one hundred or two hundred years old. Because a large number of surface plants are removed, picking frequently, many ecological ancient tea trees have signs of aging. The sun green maocha, bud and leaf, between the leaf veins 9~16 couple, fruit rich in pectin, taste sweet, Weak bitter and astringent, bitter in the mouth to stay a short time, about ten seconds, and the age of a greater number of original ecological tea trees is difficult to distinguish.
      5. Old tea tree
      Cultivated in 1912-1949 Republic of China (refer to the modern tea garden description), not enough for 100 years. The sun green maocha, bud and leaf, between the leaf veins 9~16 couple, fruit rich in pectin, taste sweet, a little bitter, bitter in the mouth of the stay time is not long, about a few decades, and old trees are difficult to distinguish between the tea.

Cultural value

      Lin Chaomin, a famous history professor at Yunnan University, thinks,the pursuit of the interests of tea, lead to the worship of tea tree, universal worship of tea tree, and the development of the worship of tea King tree, so that the tea worship to a new height and realm. Yunnan province Pu'er Tea six big tea mountain. flourishing due to tea, known capital due to the tribute tea, so the people of the tea as "god", held tea king worship activities. The God of personality, as the deification of man, this man is Zhu Geliang, it is the six big tea mounta popular "Wuhou Yizhong(武侯遗种)", the story of KongMing Xing tea(孔明兴茶). Tea worship is a kind of cultural phenomenon, it is also a major feature of Chinese ancient tea culture. Social development to today, what people seek and value, in addition to material interests and emotional life, also should have the harmony between man and nature, to this end, We must not only protect the precious natural and cultural heritage of human beings, also constantly repair and improve the natural and cultural heritage that has been damaged, ancient tea tree protection is one of the major projects to the ancient tea tree, the ancient tea garden can have its own place on this blue planet for a long time.